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Synthesis and Antimalarial Activity Study of Some New Mannich Bases of 7-Chloro-4-Aminoquinoline

[ Vol. 9 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Susanta Roy, Dipak Chetia, Mithun Rudrapal and Anil Prakash   Pages 379 - 383 ( 5 )

Abstract:


New derivatives of 7-chloro-4-aminoquinoline Mannich base were prepared by selectively modifying the aliphatic diethyl amino function of isoquine with different aliphatic/aromatic heterocyclic primary amino moieties at Mannich side chain. The synthesized compounds were characterized by their analytical and spectral data, and screened for in-vitro antimalarial activity against a chloroquine-sensitive 3D7 strain of Plasmodium falciparum. All the compounds showed in-vitro antimalarial activity at the tested dose; which, however, was considerably less than that of the standard reference drug, chloroquine. Among synthesized compounds, compounds with cyclohexyl (2f), methyl (2c) substitutions showed better activity than compounds substituted with n-octyl (2a), propyl (2b), 3-aminopropyl (2d) and furan-2- ylmethyl (2e) moieties at aminomethyl side chain. The results clearly demonstrate that the compound substituted with saturated cycloalkyl moiety (cyclohexyl) exhibited to some extent increased activity as compared to the compound containing heterocyclic moiety (furan-2-ylmethyl), and compounds with short chain alkyl substitutions (methyl, propyl) were found to be more active than that of compounds with long chain alkyl substitution (n-octyl).

Keywords:

7-Chloro-4-aminoquinoline, Mannich base, Antimalarial, Plasmodium falciparum, aminoalkyl chain, Column Chromatography, sodium bicarbonate, silica-gel, D-sorbitol, phenolic ring

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh, Assam, India.



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