Zhenyu Li, Lejiao Jia, Hongjiao Xu, Chunhua Lu and Yuemao Shena Pages 482 - 488 ( 7 )
A series of 17-phenylpropylamine/phenoxyethylamine-substituted derivatives of geldanamycin (GA) was synthesized and evaluated for the anti-proliferation activity on human cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. All the derivatives exhibited potent cytotoxicity with IC50 values range from 0.35 to 1.03 M. Among them, 17-(2-phenoxyethylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (3) was identified as the most potent compound. Hepatotoxicity test in mice demonstrated that the levels of both aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) of 3-treated group were lower than that of GA-treated group, indicating that compound 3 was a promising antitumor candidate. Additionally, the Hsp90 inhibitory activity of compound 3 was more active than 17-AAG. Docking and molecular dynamics (MD) refinements of this new series of GA derivatives were also investigated, suggesting a theoretical model between 17- phenylpropylamine/phenoxyethyl-amines and Hsp90.
GA, Hsp90, antitumor activities, hepatotoxicity.
Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology (Ministry of Education), School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shandong University, No. 44 West Wenhua Road, Jinan 250012, Shandong, P. R. China.