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N-substituted Pyrrole-based Scaffolds as Potential Anticancer and Antiviral Lead Structures

[ Vol. 11 , Issue. 6 ]

Author(s):

Kyriaki Pegklidou, Nikolaos Papastavrou, Petros Gkizis, Dimitrios Komiotis, Jan Balzarini and Ioannis Nicolaou   Pages 602 - 608 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Undoubtedly, efficient cancer treatment has been a significant challenge for the scientific community over the last decades. Despite tremendous progress made towards this direction, there are still efforts needed to discover new anticancer drugs. In this work, a series of N-substituted pyrrolebased scaffolds have been synthesized and evaluated for antiproliferative activity against a panel of cancer cell lines (L1210, CEM and HeLa). Furthermore, in order to discover new scaffolds as antiviral agents, all the examined compounds were evaluated for activity against different types of DNA and RNA viruses. The key feature of the above structures is the existence of an aromatic ring with at least one hydrogen-bonding donor and acceptor group. Results have shown noteworthy cytostatic activity for three of the synthesized compounds (1, 3 and 9). Especially, compound 1, containing a tropolone ring, proved to be the most promising scaffold (IC50:10-14 µM ) for the development of novel potential anticancer agents. In addition, compound 1 has shown modest anti-HSV-1, -HSV2 activity in HEL cell cultures (EC50: 27-40 µ M).

Keywords:

N-substituted pyrroles, antiproliferative agents, antiviral activity.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece.

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