Rajashekar Sindhu, Hanumanthappa Pradeep and Haravey K. Manonmani* Pages 705 - 714 ( 10 )
Background: L-asparaginase (L-ASN) is an anti-cancer enzyme therapeutic drug that exerts cytotoxicity via inhibition of protein synthesis through depletion of L-asparagine in the tumor microenvironment. The therapeutic performance of the native drug is partial due to the associated instability, reduced half-life and immunogenic complications.
Objective: In this study, we attempted the modification of recombinant L-asparaginase with PEG and an integrated computational strategy to probe the PEGylation in the protein to understand the biological stability/activity imparted by PEG.
Methods: In vitro PEGylation of recombinant L-ASN was carried out and further evaluated in silico.
Results: PEGylation enhanced thermal and pH activities with extended serum half-life and resistance to proteases compared to the native enzyme. The molecular dynamics analysis revealed intricate interactions required in the coupling of PEG to L-asparaginase to bestow stronger binding affinity of L-asparagine moiety towards L-asparaginase. PEG-asparagine complex ensured stable conformation over both the native protein and asparagine-protein complex thus elucidating the PEG-induced stable conformation in the protein. PEG mechanistically stabilized L-asparaginase through inducing pocket modification at the receptor to adapt to the cavity.
Conclusion: The study provides the rationale of PEGylation in imparting the stability towards Lasparaginase which would expand the potential application of L-asparaginase enzyme for the effective treatment of cancer.
L-asparaginase, Polyethylene glycation, therapeutic drug, biological stability, cytotoxicity, computation.
Food Protectants and Infestation Control Dept., CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore – 570 020, Food Protectants and Infestation Control Dept., CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore – 570 020, Food Protectants and Infestation Control Dept., CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore – 570 020