Submit Manuscript  

Article Details


Synthesis and Cytotoxicity Evaluation of Novel Indole Derivatives as Potential Anti-Cancer Agents

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Mona M. Kamel, Mohamed K. Abdel-hameid, Hala B. El-Nassan* and Eman A. El-Khouly   Pages 873 - 882 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: Marine sponges and tunicates have been a wealthy source of cytotoxic compounds such as indole alkaloids. Most of the indole alkaloids show in vitro cytotoxic and antineoplastic activities against a wide range of cancer cell lines.

Objective: Three series of bioisosteres of marine indole alkaloids (meridianins) were synthesized and the compounds were tested for their in vitro anti-proliferative activity against HCT-116 cellline. In the design of the targeted analogues, the 2-aminopyrimidine ring of merdianins was replaced with 5-aminopyrazole, pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine and pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine rings.

Results: The cytotoxic screening of the synthesized compounds revealed that pyrazolo[1,5- a]pyrimidines (compounds 9c and 11a) had the most potent cytotoxic activity with IC50 = 0.31 μM and 0.34 μM respectively. Compounds 9c and 11a were further investigated for their kinase inhibitory potencies toward six kinases (CDK5/p25, CK1ð/ε, GSK-3α/β, Dyrk1A, Erk2, and CLK1). They exhibited effective inhibition of GSK-3α/β (IC50 = 0.196 μM and 0.246 μM, respectively) and Erk2 (IC50 = 0.295 μM and 0.376 μM, respectively).

Conclusion: Meridianins emerged as promising lead structures that need further development to obtain more selective and potent cytotoxic agents. One of these modifications involved the replacement of 2-aminopyrimidinyl ring of meridianins with other heterocyclic rings. Both pyrazolo[ 1,5-a]pyrimidine and pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine rings showed promising cytotoxic activity compared to the five membered 5-aminopyrazole.

Keywords:

Indole, meridianins, cytotoxic activity, HCT-116 cell-line, GSK-3α/β, Erk2.

Affiliation:

Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo 11562, Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo 11562, Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo 11562, Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo 11562

Graphical Abstract:



Read Full-Text article