Bin Xu, Jian Ding, Hong Zhu, Cheng-Hui Xu, Min Huang and Da-Yong Lu Pages 369 - 375 ( 7 )
Bisdioxopiperazines, including ICRF-154 and razoxane (ICRF-159, Raz), are a family of anticancer agents developed in the UK, specifically targeting neoplastic metastases. Two other bisdioxopiperazine derivatives, probimane (Pro) and MST-16, were synthesized at the Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China. In order to determine the similarities and differences between these agents in medical chemistry, we evaluated the anti-tumor and anti-metastatic effects of Pro and MST-16 in vitro and in vivo against a number of human tumor cell lines and one of murine origin (Lewis lung carcinoma, LLC), and one human tumor xenograft (LAX-83) in nude mice. Our results show that Pro was cytotoxic to human tumor cell lines in vitro (IC50 < 50 μM for 48 h), approximately 3 to 20- fold more than MST-16. Pro and MST-16 manifested more prolonged cytotoxicity than some other first-line anticancer drugs including 5-fluorouacil, vincristine and doxorubicin, and maintain their cytotoxic effects for 4 days in vitro. In animal experiments, Pro and Raz were active against primary tumor growth (35-50 %) and significantly inhibited pulmonary metastasis of LLC (inhibition > 90 %) at dosage below LD5. Both Raz and Pro were effective in administration schedules of 1, 5 and 9 days. Both Raz (25-32 %) and Pro (55-60 %) caused statistically significant inhibition of the growth of LAX 83 (a human lung adeno-carcinoma xenograft) in nude mice. In this model, Pro was more effective against LAX83 than Raz at equitoxic dosages. These findings suggest that Pro is active against more categories of tumors both in vivo and in vitro, which in some circumstances may make it superior to the currently-used anticancer bisdioxopiperazines, including razoxane and MST- 16.
Daunorubicin, Lewis Lung Carcinoma, angiogenesis, Murine Tumor Model, Anti-Proliferative
School of Life Sciences,Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, PR China.