Olga I. Lavrik, Ekaterina A. Belousova, Emmanuele Crespan, Natalia A. Lebedeva, Nadejda I. Rechkunova, Ulrich Hubscher and Giovanni Maga Pages 155 - 162 ( 8 )
Translesion synthesis (TLS) is one of the DNA damage tolerance strategies that has evolved to enable organisms to replicate their genome despite the presence of unrepaired damage. TLS complexes are dynamic systems composed of DNA polymerases and associated protein factors. Therefore, it is hard to study these assembles by X-ray analysis or other instrumental methods. Here, we have suggested applying the photoaffinity labeling technique for studying the TLS system in nuclear/cellular extracts. As a tool we proposed to use partial DNA duplexes containing base-substituted photoreactive deoxynucleotides at the 3-end of primer opposite to DNA damage at the template strand. We demonstrated that photoreactive dNTPs can be potentially used to synthesize photoreactive DNA probes mimicking the DNA intermediates of the first stage of translesion synthesis by specialized DNA polymerases. We used synthetic apurinic/apyrimidinic site (AP-site) – tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 8-oxoguanine as damages in +1 position of the template strand with respect to 3-end of primer. Activity of human DNA polymerases β and was exploited for construction of photoreactive DNAs using photo derivatives of dNTPs. The kinetic parameters of the elongation reaction in model systems were estimated. Using photoaffinity crosslinking we found that only a few proteins in the bovine testis nuclear extract were strongly labeled by TLS probes.
Photoaffinity labeling, DNA polymerases beta and lambda, proteomics, DNA replication, translesion DNA synthesis
Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry of Enzymes, Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, Novosibirsk, Russia.