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4-Aryl-4H-Chromene-3-Carbonitrile Derivatives: Evaluation of Src Kinase Inhibitory and Anticancer Activities

[ Vol. 7 , Issue. 5 ]


Asal Fallah-Tafti, Rakesh Tiwari, Amir Nasrolahi Shirazi, Tahmineh Akbarzadeh, Deendayal Mandal, Abbas Shafiee, Keykavous Parang and Alireza Foroumadi   Pages 466 - 472 ( 7 )


Src kinase mutations and/or overexpression have been implicated in the development of a number of human cancers including colon, breast, and lung cancers. Thus, designing potent and selective Src kinase inhibitors as anticancer agents is a subject of major interest. A series of 4-aryl substituted derivatives of 2-amino-7-dimethylamino-4H-chromene- 3-carbonitrile were synthesized using one-pot reaction of appropriate substituted aromatic aldehydes, malononitrile, and 3-(dimethylamino)phenol in the presence of piperidine. All 23 compounds were evaluated for inhibition of Src kinase and cell proliferation in human colon adenocarcinoma (HT-29) and leukemia (CCRF-CEM) cell lines. Among the tested compounds, 2-chlorophenyl- (4c), 3-nitrophenyl- (4h), 4-trifluoromethyphenyl- (4i), and 2,3-dichlorophenyl- (4k) substituted chromenes showed Src kinase inhibitory effect with IC50 values of 11.1-18.3 μM. Compound 4c was relatively selective against Src (IC50 = 11.1 μM), when compared with selected kinases, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, IC50 > 300 μM), C-terminal Src kinase (Csk, IC50 = 101.7 μM), and lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (Lck, IC50 = 46.8 μM). 3-Chlorophenyl substituted thiazole (4v) and 2-chlorophenylsubstituted thiazole (4u) chromene derivatives inhibited the cell proliferation of HT-29 and CCRF-CEM by 80% and 50%, respectively, at a concentration of 50 μM. The data indicate that 4H-chromene-3-carbonitrile scaffold has the potential to be optimized further for designing more potent Src kinase inhibitors and/or anticancer lead compounds.


Anticancer activity, benzopyranones, carbonitrile, chromenes, inhibitor, protein kinase, Src kinase, cancers, Src kinase inhibitors, leukemia, lead compounds


Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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