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Biological and Anti-inflammatory Evaluation of Two Thiazole Compounds in RAW Cell Line: Potential Cyclooxygenase-2 Specific Inhibitors

[ Vol. 8 , Issue. 3 ]


Eva Hamade, Aida Habib, Ali Hachem, Alaa H. Hussein, Malak Abbas, Taghreed Hirz, Mirvat Al Masri and Wissam H. Faour   Pages 401 - 408 ( 8 )


The anti-inflammatory effect of two new thiazoles derivatives CX-32 (N-[4-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-thiazol-2-yl]acetamide ) and CX-35 (4-(2-amino-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)-2-methoxyphenol), was investigated in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cell line. Synthesis, structure analysis and purity of these compounds were evaluated by high performance liquid chromatography, H1 NMR, and C13 NMR. Assessment of CX-32 and CX-35 inhibitory effect on cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity was achieved by incubating LPS-activated RAW cells with 25 µM, 50µM or 100µM of CX-32 or CX-35 respectively. Levels of secreted PGE2 were evaluated by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and levels of COX-2 protein were measured by western blot. Finally, cell viability experiments were undertaken to assess the toxicity of each compound. Treatment of LPS-activated RAW cells with 25 μM, 50 μM, or 100 μM of CX-35 or CX-32 respectively, prevented the production of prostaglandins, but was without effect on COX-2 protein levels. Moreover, CX-35 and CX-32 reduced PGE2 production to levels comparable to those obtained in LPS-activated RAW cells incubated with the selective COX-2 inhibitor NS 398. Furthermore, both CX-32 and CX-35 showed no toxic effects, since viability of non-treated Hela cells was similar to Hela cells incubated with either CX-35 or CX-32. Our data demonstrated that CX-32 and CX-35 significantly blocked prostaglandin production induced during inflammatory cellular stress, possibly acting through specific COX-2 inhibition; confirmation of this hypothesis requires further investigation.


Cyclooxygenase inhibitors, prostaglandins, inflammation, thiazoles, drug design, medicinal chemistry, immunoassay, chromatography, methoxyphenyl


Instructor in Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon P.O. Box 36, Lebanon

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