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In Vitro Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Salicylanilide Pyrazine-2- carboxylates

[ Vol. 8 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Martin Kratky, Jarmila Vinsova and Vladimir Buchta   Pages 732 - 741 ( 10 )

Abstract:


The development of new antimicrobial agents for the treatment of infectious diseases remains challenging due to the increasing impact of antibiotic resistance. Since salicylanilides and esters of pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid have been described as potential antimicrobials, we have designed and synthesized a series of 2-(phenylcarbamoyl)phenyl pyrazine-2-carboxylates. These were evaluated in vitro for the activity against fungi and Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. All derivatives showed significant antibacterial activity against Gram-positive strains (MIC ≥ 0.98 µmol/L) including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The most active molecule was 5-chloro-2-(3-chlorophenylcarbamoyl)phenyl pyrazine-2-carboxylate. With one exception these esters were at least partly active against fungi tested strains, in particular against mould strains (MIC ≥ 1.95 µmol/L). The most active antifungal agent overall proved to be 2-(4-bromophenylcarbamoyl)-4-chlorophenyl pyrazine-2-carboxylate.

Keywords:

Antibacterial activity, antifungal activity, in vitro activity, pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid ester, salicylanilide, salicylanilide ester, salicylanilide, Clostridium difficile, Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, fungal pathogens

Affiliation:

Heyrovskeho 1203, 500 05 Hradec Kralove, the Czech Republic.



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